Also called Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), usually develops during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy and may return to normal after childbirth. Women who have a family history of diabetes or are obese are at higher risks. It affects the mother in late pregnancy, as the hormones estrogen, cortisol, and human placental lactogen block insulin which ultimately affects glucose tolerance levels in the body. Gestational diabetes generally, can be controlled through regular exercises and eating healthy foods having less carbohydrates with a perfect balance of other nutrients.
Gestational Diabetes carries following potential risk of adverse pre or post natal outcomes for the pregnant mother and the baby if not managed: