From about 28th week, your gynecologist may recommend you to monitor fetus movement as a way to a
The biggest challenge for every new mother is to provide optimal nutrition to her baby as it is the most important factor influencing the growth and development of the baby.
Nutrition is one of the major factors that impacts a child’s overall development in terms of growth and learning.
Nourished children have high immunity levels that minimizes the probability of various illness.
Baby Feeding (0-12months)
Infant feeding (For the first six months)
The first six months of the baby are very crucial. Baby should be given exclusive breastfeeding till six months as it the most natural, hygienic, economical and the perfect source of nutrition for the baby. Breast milk is a source of natural immunity and has anti-infective and anti-allergic properties.
Breast milk composition is tailor-made for the baby so that a preterm baby’s mother has preterm milk.
Baby should be breastfed on demand
Pre-lacteal, top feeding, water, bottles, and pacifiers should be avoided for the first 6 months as it hampers breastfeeding
Complementary feeding (6 months to 1 year)
After 6 months of age, the nutritional needs of the baby are not met by breast milk alone. Introduction of complementary foods at 6month of age in baby’s diet fills in the energy gap and provides extra minerals and vitamins. Breastfeeding should be continued till 2 years of age to provide the major caloric intake.
Complementary foods are started in small amounts and increased progressively so as to provide more than half the nutritional requirement by the age of one year.
The period of 6-12 months of age is a very critical time of transition for the baby because if appropriate complementary feeding practices are not established, the child becomes vulnerable to have malnutrition and increased risk of infections.
A baby’s first food should be:
Frequency of complementary foods: to start, give a small amount of food 1-2 times a day and gradually increase it to 3-4 times per day by one year. The amount should also be increased and after one year of age complementary food should be given 4-5 times I.e. three meals and 2 snacks should be given along with breastfeeding.
How to feed the child
6 -9 months - after initiation of cereal-based solid food, non-vegetarians can initiate small amount of well-cooked meats (chicken and fish)
12 months and above
Mother should take care of following during while starting weaning foods for her baby:
Breastfeeding should be continued up to the age of 2 years. After 2 years, you should start giving your baby more solid diet and discontinue breastfeeding.
In case your baby is suffering from diarrhea, you should give him plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. Oral fluids/ORS or salt+sugar solution offers the best support to prevent dehydration.
For breastfeeding babies, keep on feeding on demand.
For formula feeding babies, do not dilute the formula and continue as you gave him earlier. You can also offer your child the food he or she normally eats.
Give a diverse range of fluids more frequently along with foods they normally eat to older babies.
Different types of foods should be introduced in your baby’s diet to give her complete nutrition. Frequent feeds of small amount from different types of food groups like lentils, dairy product, animal proteins, vegetables, and fruits should be given.
According to the recommendations of WHO, complementary foods should be introduced to the infant around the age of 6 months alongside breast milk. At first, it should be provided about 2-3 times per day somewhere between 6 to 8 months. Later, expanding to about 3-4 times on a regular basis between 9 to 11 months and 12-24 months with added healthy snacks that should be given about 1-2 times per day, accordingly
Babies do not eat much and it is hard to give them complete nutrition. Different types of foods should be introduced in your baby’s diet to give her complete nutrition. Also, give her a small number of foods multiple times.
Small amounts of cow's milk can be introduced in cooking from six months onwards. But the direct introduction of cow’s milk should be started after one year of baby’s age.
Danger Signs (Food Allergies/Reactions)
Food allergy is a condition in which baby is very sensitive to or allergic to one or more of the proteins found in certain food items like milk, soy, eggs, wheat, peanuts, tree nuts, fish or shellfish (common food allergies). This is different from intolerance or sensitivity to a particular type of food(s). A person can have a food allergy to one or more kind of foods.
Causes of food allergy: An allergic reaction to food is a result of the response of our immune system to something we drank, ate, or breathed in. The immune system responds by making certain antibodies towards the food. These antibodies activate certain cells in the body to release chemicals called “histamines” into the blood. Histamines cause allergic reactions by targeting the nose, throat, eyes, stomach, or skin.
Common symptoms of a food allergy:
More severe reactions include: