Each woman has a different menstruation cycle. So, while making a choice about conceiving or not
Every couple dream of having a child at one point or another during their lifetime. According to WHO, globally 10% of women are inflicted- women who have tried for conceiving and remain unsuccessful even been in a stable relationship for five years or more.
Therefore, infertility is termed when the couple undergoes unprotected sexual intercourse and unable to conceive, at least one year of period or more.
Infertility is not the plight of a woman but can occur in males as well. Hence, it is recommended that both the partners are thoroughly checked with equal importance to find out the cause of infertility.
Infertility is categorized into two types:-
Primary infertility is when the couple is having sex for about a year without using birth control and still are not able to conceive.
2.Secondary infertility - Secondary infertility is when the couple has conceived once but are not able to conceive anymore.
There are numerous reasons for infertility, and most can be diagnosed and treated.
1.Risk factors of infertility
Risk Factors for women
Factors which affect the ability of the women to ovulate, conceive or to carry a full term baby are:-
Risk factors for men:
Common Risk factors for men & women both:
Causes of infertility in females are:
Specially with Men: Issues with semen and the sperm
During ejaculation male release the semen which consists of Sperm (release from testes) and fluids (release from various glands) which help in travelling the sperm towards the egg after the sexual intercourse. The issues which lead to infertility are
Causes of infertility in males are:
In case all these treatments fail to result in pregnancy, the following novel techniques can be adopted for pregnancy:
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART): This is a procedure where the woman's egg is taken out and fertilised with a sperm. The embryo formed is put back into the womb of the woman. (IVF)
Artificial insemination: In this, egg donation is done when the ovary is not functioning properly. So the egg is taken from a reproductively healthy donor and fertilization is induced in a laboratory. After fertilization, the embryo is transferred into the recipient's uterus. (Intrauterine insemination, also known as IUI).
Women are highly fertile in their early 20s. After the age of 35, the chances of conceiving highly decrease and especially after age 40.
The problem of Infertility and rate of miscarriages increases greatly after 35 years of age.
There are several strategies which can increase the chances of conception.
Having intercourse regularly many times especially around ovulation increases the chances of getting pregnant. Start having intercourse 5 days before till 1 day after ovulation increases the chances of conception.
https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Having-a-Baby-After-Age-35-How-Aging-Affects-Fertility-and-Pregnancy?IsMobileSet=false#how ---- (Pregnancy in age 35-45 years)
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-pregnancy --- (Pregnancy < 18 years)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3017326/ --- (Advantages of pregnancy between 18-35 years)
Timing: Most of the females make wrong assumptions about their ovulation day. Though it is stated that ovulation occurs on day 14 in a normal 28 days cycle, but this 28-day cycle is not common for everyone. So, in order to figure out the ovulation day, you need to count back 14 days from the day of your period through ovulation calculator. This is back counting for the period that has already passed. But if your cycle is fairly regular, you can assume the ovulation day in the next cycle. You can also take the help of fertility calendar.
Waiting too long to take specialist’s advice: You may feel absolutely normal but if pregnancy is not happening even after 6 months of unprotected sex, it is time to consult a specialist and take advice for conception.
In females, infertility can be due to:
In males, infertility can be due to:
Cure for infertility depends upon its cause. There are many infertility treatment options that can help a couple conceive but even if they fail, Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and Artificial insemination can be your ray of hope in the darkness.