Each woman has a different menstruation cycle. So, while making a choice about conceiving or not
Pregnancy planning is a huge responsibility and there are many things that need consideration while doing so. Here we discuss all the things that should be kept in mind while planning for pregnancy.
Factors affecting pregnancy
There are certain factors that affect the fertility of a couple like:
Things to ensure while planning for pregnancy:
Health and Diet: Before getting pregnant, a good supply of nutrients is required by the body to prepare for the coming days and to be able to hold the baby in the womb. The nutrients you will need during this phase will come from the diet you take. But as many micronutrients also play a vital role in conception as well as growth and development of the baby, so supplements are also required. Following are the nutrients most important during pre-pregnancy planning and during pregnancy:
Stop Using Birth control
Vaccination before pregnancy:
Past pregnancy complication/ miscarriage /abortion: Any complication in the past pregnancy or loss of past pregnancy increases the risk of complications in future pregnancies. This may cause increased chances of induced labor, C-sections, vaginal bleeding, pre-term birth, low birth weight, and retained placenta, etc. So, it is important to take the following preventive measures before planning for pregnancy:
Genetic counselling: Genetic counselling program is a process where the mother is advised about the likelihood of an inheritable disorder to be passed on to the unborn child. Besides this, the consequences and nature of the disorder are also discussed when the mother is potentially carrying a child at risk. It is not usually necessary unless the mother or father or their families have an inherited condition and there is a potential chance of it being passed onto the child. Most common inherited disorders are:
Psychological preparation: While planning to conceive, only physical preparation is not important. A couple should also prepare psychologically and be ready for the pregnancy. Follow the guidelines and be mentally prepared:
https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/folicacid/recommendations.html “Folic acid recommendation”
https://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/pregnant/en/ “Health and diet”
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pregnancy/downloads/pregnancy-vaccination.pdf “Vaccination before pregnancy”
It depends upon the kind of birth control. In case of birth control pills, conception may occur between one to six cycles or more while implants or a hormonal IUD may take even longer.
Genetic counselling during pregnancy planning is done to: