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EDUCATION CORNER
    Ovulation Calculator

    Getting Pregnant

    Know your ovulation days- Get Conceived


    Getting pregnant requires a strategic approach. It is very important to understand your body and menstrual cycle. During each of the menstrual cycle, an immature egg matures and is released from the ovary. This process of release of the mature egg from the ovary is called ovulation. Once ovulation has occurred the egg can survive and remain viable for up to 24 hours. Therefore, fertilization must take place within 24 hours of ovulation for a woman to get pregnant. So sexual intercourse around ovulation increases the chances of getting pregnant. 


    In females with regular cycles, ovulation occurs at around 2 weeks before period. But the task of finding the time of ovulation in an irregular cycle can be a little daunting.

    Here's how you can find out your ovulation day: 

    • Ovulation calculator or kit can be used which is primarily a tool much like the urine pregnancy test kit. Urine is tested with these strips to detect if there is an increase in the levels of luteinizing hormone (LH). This test is backed by the fact that LH surge occurs right before ovulation. You can also take help of ovulation calculator. 
    • Basal body temperature can increase as much as half degree centigrade on your ovulation day. However, this not very specific because conditions like fever, infections can also mimic this.
    • Close to the ovulation day, cervical mucus also adapts itself to facilitate the incoming sperm. The increased estrogen will make the mucus thin and slippery when the body anticipates ovulation. And after ovulation, it becomes thick and cloudy. So, this may serve as a hint. 
    • Follicular monitoring is another procedure where your doctor regularly monitors your blood hormone levels to find your day of ovulation. This procedure is more reliable than all the rest.

    Preferred Sexual position


    While no position will guarantee conception, but some positions may allow deep penetration or take advantage of gravity to help in conception. Best positions to get pregnant are: 


    • Missionary: A male on top puts gravity in your favor for conception. 
    • Doggie style: It grants deep penetration to let sperm get closer to the cervix for a successful conception. 
    • Legs on shoulders: This particular position allows women to hook their legs on their partner’s shoulders when engaging in intercourse. This position let sperm to get very close to the cervix together with having the benefit of gravity. 
    • Side-by-side scissors: Lying side to side, this position allows male to enter deep into the female and assist sperm to rapidly reach the cervix.
    • Rear entry: In this position, women lie on their stomachs and men may enter from their backside so that the penis reaches a lot deeper in the vagina. 


    Apart from these best positions to conceive, you may try any position that allows deeper penetration for successful conception. 


    Complications in getting pregnant


    Complications in getting pregnant can ruin your confidence and take a toll on your mental state of mind. These can be both physical and psychological in nature like: 



    Things to do and avoid during pregnancy 


    If your pregnancy test has confirmed pregnancy then you must be worried about how to take care of yourself and your baby. So here are few pregnancy dos and don’ts that will ensure your pregnancy care. 


    What not to do when pregnant:

    • Don’t smoke
    • Don’t drink alcohol
    • Don’t eat raw and under cooked meat and eggs
    • Don’t drink raw or unpasteurized milk
    • Don’t drink a lot of coffee (can take one or two cups of coffee each day)
    • Avoid over the counter drugs. 


    What to do when pregnant:

    • Ensure timely vaccination
    • Take a multivitamin
    • Eat a balanced diet
    • Sleep for seven to nine hours

    Exercise regularly and practice yoga

    Keep a check on your weight


    References:

    https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/home-use-tests/ovulation-urine-test “Ovulation Test”

    Textbook: DC Dutta’s – Fundamental of reproduction 

    Frequently Asked Questions

    • Know your ovulation day
    • Enjoy sexual intercourse around ovulation
    • Opt for preferred sexual positions
    • Stay stress-free
    • Maintain a healthy weight
    • Quit smoking and alcohol
    • Start prenatal supplements


    • Folic acid tablets before pregnancy: It is needed to prevent neural tube defects (defects associated with the brain and spine) and for cellular division in the fetus and red blood cell formation in the mother. 
    • Iron and calcium supplement: Iron for the increased blood demand, and calcium for the bone growth of the baby as well as for milk production. 
    • B12 supplementation: It may be needed in vegetarians.
    • Other: Any other supplements may be required if a pregnant woman is not consuming a well-balanced diet. 


    Here's how you can find out your ovulation day: 

    • Ovulation predictor kit can be used which is primarily a tool much like the urine pregnancy test kit. Urine is tested with these strips to detect if there is an increase in the levels of luteinizing hormone (LH). This test is backed by the fact that LH surge occurs right before ovulation.
    • Basal body temperature can increase as much as half degree centigrade on your ovulation day. However, this not very specific because conditions like fever, infections can also mimic this.
    • Close to the ovulation day, cervical mucus also adapts itself to facilitate the incoming sperm. The increased estrogen will make the mucus thin and slippery when the body anticipates ovulation. And after ovulation, it becomes thick and cloudy. So, this may serve as a hint. 
    • Follicular monitoring is another procedure where your doctor regularly monitors your blood hormone levels to find your day of ovulation. This procedure is more reliable than all the rest.


    Fertility drugs or pregnancy medicines may increase the levels of certain hormones in your body or help to mature and release one or more eggs each month (ovulation). They may also help in cases of irregular ovulation. 

    It is very important to understand your body and fertility cycle to know the right time to try for pregnancy. During each of the menstrual cycle, an immature egg matures and is released from the ovary. This process of release of the mature egg from the ovary is called ovulation. Once ovulation has occurred the egg can survive and remain viable for up to 24 hours. Therefore, fertilization through sexual intercourse must take place within 24 hours of ovulation for a woman to get pregnant. So sexual intercourse around ovulation increases the chances of getting pregnant.