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Hearing is one of the senses of the human body. Hearing impairment or loss means there is a reduction of the ability to hear. This will further influence the individuals understanding of speech and other environmental sounds. With the help of this sense, we are able to complete the process of communication.
Causes of hearing loss:
Types of hearing loss:
Each of the types of hearing loss will influence the development of speech and language skills of the child.
Who to contact for the hearing difficulties?
The Audiologist is the professional who does the haring tests and fits with required hearing aid, working along with ENT doctors and pediatricians. The speech therapist is qualified for carrying out the training for speech and language post fitting the hearing aids.
How to identify?
The newborn hearing screening test is being implemented in hospitals across the world- based on birth history, usually the pediatrician identifies and refers the infants for this test. Tests are done on high risk infants at regular intervals to identify hearing loss.
When the treatment is provided early, there is always a better chance for the language development of the child. Aural rehabilitation is recommended for the children who are fitted with the hearing aids or cochlear implants, for a systematic therapy to promote the communication ability of the child.
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